Category: C

Cholera – Characteristics and History

Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease usually accompanied by vomiting and resulting in severe dehydration or water loss and its consequences. The disease is caused by a comma-shaped bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, first isolated in...

Chlorosis – Characteristics and History

Diseases are categorized as degenerative, malignant, genetic, endocrine, and so on in current nosology. For the history of disease, we must add a category that we might term “ephemeral.” This requires some license, be-cause...

Chagas’ Disease – Characteristics and History

Chagas’ disease (also American trypanosomiasis or trypanosomiasis cruzi) can be either an acute febrile infection or a chronic process. The cause is a protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi, harbored by domestic and wild animals. When transmitted...

Catarrh – Characteristics and History

Catarrh is now regarded as inflammation of the mucous membranes, especially of the air pas-sages, together with the production of a muroid exudate. Simple though this definition is, it bears evident traces of the...

Carrion’s Disease (Oroya Fever) – Characteristics and History

Carri´on’s disease is an infectious disease caused by microorganisms of the genus Bartonella. Two species have been described, the bacilliformis and verrugiformis types. These bacteria are parasites of human erythrocytes and histiocytic cells. The...

Cytomegalovirus Inclusion Disease – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Ongoing care

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is highly prevalent as illustrated by seroprevalence in 40–100% of the population (1). Serious disease can result in the perinatal period and in immunocompromised patients. Immunocompetent patients may become symptomatic with reinfection with different CMV strains. Prompt treatment and prophylaxis are the current mainstays of infection control.

Cystic Fibrosis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Ongoing care

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal-recessive genetic condition that most prominently affects the lungs and pancreas.Initially a pediatric disease, CF has become a chronic pediatric and adult medical condition as improvements in medical care have led to a dramatic increase in long-term survival.