Category: Alphabetical

Cholera – Characteristics and History

Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease usually accompanied by vomiting and resulting in severe dehydration or water loss and its consequences. The disease is caused by a comma-shaped bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, first isolated in...

Chlorosis – Characteristics and History

Diseases are categorized as degenerative, malignant, genetic, endocrine, and so on in current nosology. For the history of disease, we must add a category that we might term “ephemeral.” This requires some license, be-cause...

Chagas’ Disease – Characteristics and History

Chagas’ disease (also American trypanosomiasis or trypanosomiasis cruzi) can be either an acute febrile infection or a chronic process. The cause is a protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi, harbored by domestic and wild animals. When transmitted...

Catarrh – Characteristics and History

Catarrh is now regarded as inflammation of the mucous membranes, especially of the air pas-sages, together with the production of a muroid exudate. Simple though this definition is, it bears evident traces of the...

Bubonic Plague – Characteristics and History

Plague is often a synonym for pestilence, which refers nonspecifically to any acute epidemic accompanied by high mortality. But the term also refers to the recurrent waves of bubonic plague punctuating European history from...

Botulism – Characteristics and History

Botulism is a potentially fatal disease caused by neurotoxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The disease usually occurs as a food-borne intoxication; however, two other forms have been identified: wound botulism and infant...