Category: Aids & Hiv

HIV Infection and AIDS

Basics Description HIV is a retrovirus that integrates into CD4 T lymphocytes (a critical component of cell-mediated immunity), causing cell death and resulting in severe immunodeficiency, opportunistic infections (OI), and malignancies: Due to treatment...

Aphthous Ulcer

Basics Description Self-limited painful ulcerations of the oral mucosa that are typically recurrent; they occur on nonkeratinized mucosa inside the mouth: the inner side of the lips and cheeks, the back and floor of...

Kaposi’s Sarcoma

Basics Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) was originally described in 1872 by a Hungarian dermatologist named Moritz Kaposi. Description Malignant condition characterized by vascular tumors in the skin and other organs, associated with human herpesvirus 8...